Currently Reading

New National Building Museum exhibit explores the architecture of the Manhattan Project

Architects

New National Building Museum exhibit explores the architecture of the Manhattan Project

The exhibit will run through March 3, 2019.


By David Malone, Associate Editor | March 7, 2018
The Los Alamos main gate

Anyone approaching Los Alamos during the war had to pass through at least two checkpoints. Courtesy of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Archives

Secret Cities: The Architecture and Planning of the Manhattan Project is a new exhibition at the National Building Museum that explores the highly classified effort to produce the atomic bomb. The exhibit places an emphasis on showcasing the three new “secret cities” that were built to accommodate the tens of thousands of people who worked on the project.

Oak Ridge, Tenn., Hanford/Richland, Wash., and Los Alamos, N.M., will be explored through original documents, photos, artifacts, maps, and models. The three cities were built from scratch by the U.S. government to accommodate the vast number of people and large-scale, secure facilities necessary for the project.

 

Aerial view of the K-25 plant, Oak Ridge, ca. 1945. The K-25 plant was built for the enrichment of uranium through gaseous diffusion, in which gaseous U-235 was separated from U-238 through an incredibly fine mesh. When completed, K-25 was the largest building in the world under one roof. National Archives and Records Administration.

 

The cities, which were built in about three years, were heavily reliant on prefabricated construction and helped test and develop emerging ideas about planning and design.

The exhibition also touches on the postwar development of the cities, which remain centers of scientific research today. For more information, click here.

 

“Flat Top” house, Oak Ridge, 1944. During World War II, the U.S. military erected thousands of prefabricated or semi-prefabricated houses across the country. One of the most common houses in Oak Ridge was the B-1 model, commonly known as the Flat Top. Each of these houses was built in a factory and transported by truck in two or three pieces to the site, where it was assembled atop a foundation. The architectural firm of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM) oversaw the planning of the city and the design and construction of most buildings within it. National Archives and Records Administration.

 

 Aerial view of Hanford Construction Camp, ca. 1945. The camp for construction workers at Hanford ultimately housed upwards of 50,000 people, making it the fourth largest “city” in the state of Washington. Item courtesy of the U.S. Department of Energy, Hanford Collection.

 

14.	B Reactor, Hanford, ca. 1944-45. The B Reactor at Hanford was the world’s first large-scale nuclear reactor. It produced plutonium for the device tested at the Trinity site in New Mexico on July 16, 1945, and for the bomb that was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan, on August 9, 1945. The B Reactor was permanently shut down in 1968, and is now being converted into a museum. National Archives and Records Administration.

 

13.	Sears, Roebuck and Co. store, Hanford, ca. 1943-45. Retail establishments at Hanford during the war, including this branch of the famed Sears, Roebuck chain, typically occupied very modest buildings. Item courtesy of the US Department of Energy, Hanford Collection.

 

Control Room at the K-25 plant, Oak Ridge, 1945.Sophisticated equipment was used to monitor and control the potentially hazardous industrial processes at the K-25 plant and other Manhattan Project facilities. National Archives and Records Administration.

Related Stories

Arena | Sep 20, 2021

LA Clippers unveil $1.8 billion Intuit Dome

AECOM is the lead designer for the project.

University Buildings | Sep 7, 2021

Gateway to the West: Kansas City University Center for Medical Education Innovation

Kansas City University Center for Medical Education Innovation uses GKD Omega 1520 metal fabric.

Architects | Sep 2, 2021

Remembering architect and author Lance Hosey: 1964 - 2021

Architect, sustainability expert, author, and public speaker Lance Hosey passed away unexpectedly on August 27.

Multifamily Housing | Sep 1, 2021

Top 10 outdoor amenities at multifamily housing developments for 2021

Fire pits, lounge areas, and covered parking are the most common outdoor amenities at multifamily housing developments, according to new research from Multifamily Design+Construction.

Architects | Sep 1, 2021

Design unveiled for Copia Vineyards Winery and Tasting Room

Clayton Korte designed the project.

Giants 400 | Aug 30, 2021

2021 Giants 400 Report: Ranking the largest architecture, engineering, and construction firms in the U.S.

The 2021 Giants 400 Report includes more than 130 rankings across 25 building sectors and specialty categories.

Laboratories | Aug 30, 2021

Science in the sky: Designing high-rise research labs

Recognizing the inherent socioeconomic and environmental benefits of high-density design, research corporations have boldly embraced high-rise research labs. 

Giants 400 | Aug 27, 2021

2021 Healthcare Sector Giants: Top architecture, engineering, and construction firms in the U.S. healthcare facilities sector

HDR, AECOM, Turner Construction, and Brasfield & Gorrie head BD+C's rankings of the nation's largest healthcare facilities sector architecture, engineering, and construction firms, as reported in the 2021 Giants 400 Report.

Giants 400 | Aug 27, 2021

2021 Office Sector Giants: Top architecture, engineering, and construction firms in the U.S. office building sector

Gensler, Jacobs, Turner Construction, and STO Building Group head BD+C's rankings of the nation's largest office building sector architecture, engineering, and construction firms, as reported in the 2021 Giants 400 Report.a

Giants 400 | Aug 26, 2021

2021 University Giants: Top architecture, engineering, and construction firms in the higher education sector

Gensler, AECOM, Turner Construction, and CannonDesign head BD+C's rankings of the nation's largest university sector architecture, engineering, and construction firms, as reported in the 2021 Giants 400 Report.

More In Category





Magazine Subscription
Subscribe

Get our Newsletters

Each day, our editors assemble the latest breaking industry news, hottest trends, and most relevant research, delivered to your inbox.

Subscribe

Follow BD+C: